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Web-Socket Server

Server

The Server is responsible for providing the WebSocket server to enable communication between server and client.

constructor (options)

options.server

The HTTP server to bind the WebSocket Server into. You may use express for your server too.

// Colyseus + Express
import { Server } from "colyseus";
import { createServer } from "http";
import express from "express";
const port = Number(process.env.port) || 3000;

const app = express();
app.use(express.json());

const gameServer = new Server({
  server: createServer(app)
});

gameServer.listen(port);
// Colyseus + Express
const colyseus = require("colyseus");
const http = require("http");
const express = require("express");
const port = process.env.port || 3000;

const app = express();
app.use(express.json());

const gameServer = new colyseus.Server({
  server: http.createServer(app)
});

gameServer.listen(port);
// Colyseus (barebones)
import { Server } from "colyseus";
const port = process.env.port || 3000;

const gameServer = new Server();
gameServer.listen(port);
// Colyseus (barebones)
const colyseus = require("colyseus");
const port = process.env.port || 3000;

const gameServer = new colyseus.Server();
gameServer.listen(port);

options.pingInterval

Number of milliseconds for the server to "ping" the clients. Default: 1500

The clients are going to be forcibly disconnected if they can't respond after pingMaxRetries retries.

options.pingMaxRetries

Maximum allowed number of pings without a response. Default: 2.

options.verifyClient

This method happens before WebSocket handshake. If verifyClient is not set then the handshake is automatically accepted.

  • info (Object)

    • origin (String) The value in the Origin header indicated by the client.
    • req (http.IncomingMessage) The client HTTP GET request.
    • secure (Boolean) true if req.connection.authorized or req.connection.encrypted is set.
  • next (Function) A callback that must be called by the user upon inspection of the info fields. Arguments in this callback are:

    • result (Boolean) Whether or not to accept the handshake.
    • code (Number) When result is false this field determines the HTTP error status code to be sent to the client.
    • name (String) When result is false this field determines the HTTP reason phrase.
import { Server } from "colyseus";

const gameServer = new Server({
  // ...

  verifyClient: function (info, next) {
    // validate 'info'
    //
    // - next(false) will reject the websocket handshake
    // - next(true) will accept the websocket handshake
  }
});
const colyseus = require("colyseus");

const gameServer = new colyseus.Server({
  // ...

  verifyClient: function (info, next) {
    // validate 'info'
    //
    // - next(false) will reject the websocket handshake
    // - next(true) will accept the websocket handshake
  }
});

options.presence

When scaling Colyseus through multiple processes / machines, you need to provide a presence server. Read more about scalability, and the Presence API.

import { Server, RedisPresence } from "colyseus";

const gameServer = new Server({
  // ...
  presence: new RedisPresence()
});
const colyseus = require("colyseus");

const gameServer = new colyseus.Server({
  // ...
  presence: new colyseus.RedisPresence()
});

The currently available Presence servers are currently:

  • RedisPresence (scales on a single server and multiple servers)

options.gracefullyShutdown

Register shutdown routine automatically. Default is true. If disabled, you should call gracefullyShutdown() method manually in your shutdown process.

define (name: string, handler: Room, options?: any)

Define a new room handler.

Parameters:

  • name: string - The public name of the room. You'll use this name when joining the room from the client-side.
  • handler: Room - Reference to the Room handler class.
  • options?: any - Custom options for room initialization.

// Define "chat" room
gameServer.define("chat", ChatRoom);

// Define "battle" room
gameServer.define("battle", BattleRoom);

// Define "battle" room with custom options
gameServer.define("battle_woods", BattleRoom, { map: "woods" });

Defining the same room handler multiple times

You may define the same room handler multiple times with different options. When Room#onCreate() is called, the options will contain the merged values you specified on Server#define() + the options provided when the room is created.


Matchmaking filters: filterBy(options)

Parameters

  • options: string[] - a list of option names

Whenever a room is created by the create() or joinOrCreate() methods, only the options defined by the filterBy() method are going to be stored internally, and used to filter out rooms in further join() or joinOrCreate() calls.

Example: allowing different "game modes".

gameServer
  .define("battle", BattleRoom)
  .filterBy(['mode']);

Whenever the room is created, the mode option is going to be stored internally.

client.joinOrCreate("battle", { mode: "duo" }).then(room => {/* ... */});

You can handle the provided option in the onCreate() and/or onJoin() to implement the requested feature inside your room implementation.

class BattleRoom extends Room {
  onCreate(options) {
    if (options.mode === "duo") {
      // do something!
    }
  }
  onJoin(client, options) {
    if (options.mode === "duo") {
      // put this player into a team!
    }
  }
}

Example: filtering by built-in maxClients

The maxClients is an internal variable stored for matchmaking, and can be used for filtering too.

gameServer
  .define("battle", BattleRoom)
  .filterBy(['maxClients']);

The client can then ask to join a room capable of handling a certain number of players.

client.joinOrCreate("battle", { maxClients: 10 }).then(room => {/* ... */});
client.joinOrCreate("battle", { maxClients: 20 }).then(room => {/* ... */});


Matchmaking priority: sortBy(options)

You can also give a different priority for joining rooms depending on their information upon creation.

The options parameter is a key-value object containing the field name in the left, and the sorting direction in the right. Sorting direction can be one of these values: -1, "desc", "descending", 1, "asc" or "ascending".

Example: sorting by the built-in clients

The clients is an internal variable stored for matchmaking, which contains the current number of connected clients. On the example below, the rooms with the highest amount of clients connected will have priority. Use -1, "desc" or "descending" for descending order:

gameServer
  .define("battle", BattleRoom)
  .sortBy({ clients: -1 });

To sort by the fewest amount of players, you can do the opposite. Use 1, "asc" or "ascending" for ascending order:

gameServer
  .define("battle", BattleRoom)
  .sortBy({ clients: 1 });


Enable realtime room listing for Lobby

To allow the LobbyRoom to receive updates from a specific room type, you should define them with realtime listing enabled:

gameServer
  .define("battle", BattleRoom)
  .enableRealtimeListing();

See more about the LobbyRoom


Listening to room instance events

The define method will return the registered handler instance, which you can listen to match-making events from outside the room instance scope. Such as:

  • "create" - when a room has been created
  • "dispose" - when a room has been disposed
  • "join" - when a client join a room
  • "leave" - when a client leave a room
  • "lock" - when a room has been locked
  • "unlock" - when a room has been unlocked

Usage:

gameServer
  .define("chat", ChatRoom)
  .on("create", (room) => console.log("room created:", room.roomId))
  .on("dispose", (room) => console.log("room disposed:", room.roomId))
  .on("join", (room, client) => console.log(client.id, "joined", room.roomId))
  .on("leave", (room, client) => console.log(client.id, "left", room.roomId));

Warning

It's completely discouraged to manipulate a room's state through these events. Use the abstract methods in your room handler instead.

attach (options: any)

You usually do not need to call this. Use it only if you have a very specific reason to do so.

Attaches or creates the WebSocket server.

  • options.server: The HTTP server to attach the WebSocket server on.
  • options.ws: An existing WebSocket server to be re-used.
import express from "express";
import { Server } from "colyseus";

const app = new express();
const gameServer = new Server();

gameServer.attach({ server: app });
import http from "http";
import { Server } from "colyseus";

const httpServer = http.createServer();
const gameServer = new Server();

gameServer.attach({ server: httpServer });
import http from "http";
import express from "express";
import ws from "ws";
import { Server } from "colyseus";

const app = express();
const server = http.createServer(app);
const wss = new WebSocket.Server({
    // your custom WebSocket.Server setup.
});

const gameServer = new Server();
gameServer.attach({ ws: wss });

listen (port: number)

Binds the WebSocket server into the specified port.

onShutdown (callback: Function)

Register a callback that should be called before the process shut down. See graceful shutdown for more details.

gracefullyShutdown (exit: boolean)

Shutdown all rooms and clean-up its cached data. Returns a promise that fulfils whenever the clean-up has been complete.

This method is called automatically unless gracefullyShutdown: false has been provided on Server constructor.